Jean Sibelius. Life, Music, Silence by Daniel M. Grimley – Book Review by Veijo Murtomäki

Jean Sibelius. Life, Music, Silence by Daniel M. Grimley - cover

Veijo Murtomäki, Professor emeritus of music history at the Sibelius Academy of the University of Arts Helsinki, reviews Jean Sibelius. Life, Music, Silence by Daniel M. Grimley (Reaktion Books, 2021)

‘Daniel M. Grimley is a musicologist whose expertise and deep understanding especially of Scandinavian and British music has been widely acknowledged thanks to his admirable books on Grieg, Nielsen, and Delius as well as his work as an editor of anthologies and as a writer of many peer-reviewed articles. Given his attachment to the music of Jean Sibelius, it is with a sense of expectation that one approaches his new book on Sibelius.’ Click here to read on…

New Breitkopf & Härtel Urtexts published


Two further works by Sibelius have been published in Breitkopf & Härtel’s Urtext series, featuring the editions of the scores aleady issued in the JSW complete critical edition.

The new releases are a study score of the Fourth Symphony (PB 5695), edited by Tuija Wicklund (€18.90). A full-size score based on the JSW text is already available (PB 5694; €65.00).

The second release is a volume entitled ‘Impromptus’ (PB 5746) featuring the composer’s own three arrangements for string orchestra of his Impromptus, Op. 5 Nos 5 and 6, originally for piano: No. 5, an early version of Nos 5–6, and the revised version of Nos 5–6. It is edited by Pekka Helasvuo and Tuija Wicklund. Score (€25.90) and parts for the Impromptus are available separately.

Muse Ukraine; Indomitable Spirit – charitable concert

Muse Ukraine concert poster

The Finnish Embassy is hosting a charitable concert in co-operation with British-Ukrainian Aid.

Date / Time / Venue:
13 September 2023, 19:00, Finnish Ambassador’s Residence,
14 Kensington Palace Gardens, London W8 4QP, London

‘Muse Ukraine: Indomitable Spirit’ will highlight the musical and cultural heritage of Ukraine, as performed by Ukrainian-American violinist Myroslava Khomik and Finnish-British pianist Julia Wallin, who believe that the power of music can serve as the best communicative tool in most challenging times. The programme will include musuc by Sibelius and long-lost Ukrainian gems

All proceeds from the concert will be donated to British-Ukrainian Aid to support relief and rescue operations in Ukraine.

Tickets and more information: click here.


Karelia Overture and Suite: newly discovered version to be performed

Karelia - score page
A score page from ‘Karelia’ (photo: Tuomas Hannikainen)

‘I’ll send you my Suite in a few days. It is revised, but for the concert hall. If it sounds good, you can do it in the Philharmonie. It’s eminently sellable, I think.’ Sibelius wrote this in November 1894, in a letter to his friend Adolf Paul in Berlin, referring to a hitherto unknown version of the Karelia Overture and Suite, which will be performed at the 2023 Helsinki Festival. The concert by the Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra will be conducted by Tuomas Hannikainen, who identified the Sibelius score in the manuscript collections of the National Library of Finland in the spring of 2023.

The score was part of a donation to the National Library from the Finnish Broadcasting Company YLE in 2010, but its the early history is still unclear; it is undated but (not least on the basis of the letter to Paul) is believed to have been prepared in 1894. According to Hannikainen, the score appears to be a fair copy that could be sent to a publisher. Sibelius’s heirs have suggested that the YLE manuscript could be referred to as ‘Karelia Concert Version 1894’. The familiar Overture and Suite were published in 1906 and it is not known why the revisions contained in the Concert Version 1894 were not used for publication.

Timo Virtanen, editor-in-chief of the Jean Sibelius Works critical edition, remarks: ‘the manuscript of the Karelia Overture (preserved in YLE archives still in 2003) was mentioned in Fabian Dahlström’s catalogue [Sibelius-Werkverzeichnis – Thematisch-bibliographisches Verzeichnis seiner Werke 2003], but the other three Karelia movements were not. Tuomas Hannikainen was the first who compared the manuscript (‘YLE’) version of Karelia Overture and the three suite movements with the published (Breitkopf & Härtel) score and brought the differences to light. Although the Overture in the YLE manuscript is only three bars longer than the published version, there are some interesting differences: Sibelius incorporated in the YLE manuscript materials which he eventually excluded in the published version. Differences between the other movements in the YLE manuscript and those in the published score are (apart from the harp part in Ballad) more in the details of instrumentation, dynamics and articulation.’

Tuomas Hannikainen
Tuomas Hannikainen (photo: © Matti Häyrynen)

Tuomas Hannikainen explains that the Concert Version 1894 is ‘altogether more serious, more noble, with richer orchestration’ and points out that the Overture has an impressive culmination, more like a tone poem than a piece of tableau music. In the Suite, the most obvious differences are in the Ballade, which is livelier, with many changes of tempo; it also features a harp in place of pizzicato strings in the concluding section (in the original tableau score this was a song, Dansen i rosenlund).

We do not know whether the newly discovered verion of Karelia was ever performed. In Tuomas Hannikainen’s opinion, it is unlikely that the Overture was played in concert. It is so different from the published version that it would have needed a totally new set of parts, and no such parts have yet been found. The other movements, however, most probably were played. Hannikainen has found several early orchestral parts that include corrections that correspond with the Concert Version 1894 manuscript. Sibelius even made some of these corrections in parts for the published version, so after 1906.

The previously unknown version of Karelia will be performed at the Helsinki Festival’s matinée concert in the Great Hall of the University of Helsinki on Saturday, 26 August at 3 pm. The programme includes an introduction that sheds light on the content of the score. Another Sibelius rarity will also be played: the Concert Overture (The Maiden in the Tower) discovered by Hannikainen in 2018, which will be heard for the first time as a live public concert performance since the early 1900s (see also: Sibelius One Magazine, July 2023).

Click here to buy tickets for the concert.

Sibelius One AGM 2023

AGM at Hesan kamari

All members are welcome to Sibelius One’s Annual General Meeting 2023, which will take place at Hesan kamari, Ainola, Järvenpää, Finland at 12 noon on Friday 8 September 2023.

Members attending the Lahti Sibelius Festival can travel together by train.

If travelling independently please note that the Ainola railway station will be closed for track work between 19 June and 9 December 2023. A replacement bus service will operate from Järvenpää station (click here for info). Please allow extra time for the journey.

We are grateful to Julia Donner and the staff at Ainola for generously allowing us to use Hesan kamari for our AGM.

Click here to download agenda


Swanwhite – original incidental music

Sketch for Swanwhite made in 1901 by Arthur Sjögren
Sketch for Swanwhite made in 1901 by Arthur Sjögren (1874–1951)
Nordiska museets arkiv. CC BY-NC-ND-4.0. Image straightened.

Eija Kurki’s article ‘Sibelius’s Swanwhite – the original incidental music’ is now available to read or download on this website. The article discusses the context of the music, its location and function within Strindberg’s play and the orchestral suite.

Eija Kurki published her dissertation Satua, kuolemaa ja eksotiikkaa. Jean Sibeliuksen vuosisadan alun näyttämömusiikkiteokset (Fairy-tale, Death and Exoticism. Jean Sibelius’s Theatre Music from the Beginning of the 20th Century) in 1997. She has written numerous articles in various specialist publications both in Finland and internationally. This article is based on her Master’s degree in musicology and theatre research at Helsinki University in 1994, ‘August Strindbergin ja Jean Sibeliuksen Joutsikki’ (‘Swanwhite by August Strindberg and Jean Sibelius’).

Click here to read or download the article.